There are countless happy pregnant women and mothers out there, yet there are also a significant number of women who face problems in their journey towards motherhood. Out of the many complications that a woman may face in getting pregnant, Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS) is an increasingly common reason.
This condition is based on a hormonal imbalance that affects women’s reproductive health. Many young women suffer from this syndrome where their ovaries are enlarged, often accompanied by cyst formations that ultimately hinder ovulation. This is due to the excessive androgen or male hormone in the body. Ultimately, it leads to irregular menstrual cycles and often time unavailability of eggs for fertilization. In short, no egg means no conception. But it is possible to get pregnant while having PCOS, with some medical interventions. To better understand how polycystic ovaries pregnancy is possible, let’s first understand the symptoms of PCOS that many of you suffer from.
Polycystic ovaries symptoms
There are some noticeable symptoms of PCOS that you can observe for yourself. The chances of pregnancy with PCOS are adversely affected by the following symptoms:
The most notable polycystic ovaries symptoms is the irregularity of your menstrual cycle and missing periods.
- There is often unusual weight gain in women who suffer from PCOS.
- Excessive growth of body hair and hair on your face.
- Another popular symptom is development of acne on your face.
- Thinning of hair is a common symptom of PCOS, and once you get pregnant, the added hair fall in pregnancy will only worsen it.
- While you might not notice this immediately, but infertility is another symptom that hinders your chances of pregnancy with PCOS.
Pregnancy and PCOS
Getting pregnant with PCOS usually has a lot of risks and you need to be very cautious during this time. Here are some of the additional difficulties that polycystic ovaries pregnancy brings:
- The chances of miscarriage are considerably higher in such cases as compared to a normal pregnancy.
- PCOS increases the risk of the usual high blood pressure that happens in pregnancy.
- Complications due to gestational diabetes also increase.
- Many of the premature births are also have PCOS related complications as the reason behind them.
- The likelihood of caesarean births are also more in women who have PCOS.
Re-establishing your Period Cycle
The main step towards effective management and reducing troubles caused due to this syndrome is to regulate your menstrual cycle. How is it done? Your gynecologist will prescribe birth control pills that contain artificial estrogen (female hormone) and will lessen the production of androgen. The resultant hormonal balance will slowly repair your menstrual cycle, leading to timely periods and healthier ovulation process.
Depending on your tolerance of this medication and how your body reacts to it, the pill is either replaced to suit you or the dosage is set for the coming days. The usual dosage is known to last around 2 months. No two people are the same and each case of PCOS is different as well. Get regular consultations with your doctor or a fertility specialist to keep healthy and improve your chances of getting pregnant with PCOS.
Additional Health Measures
PCOS negatively affects some of your body’s metabolism including the processing of sugar. Thus, women suffering from this often have issues of obesity as well. While obesity directly does not affect fertility in women, it is always better to be more fit to avoid any later complications in polycystic ovaries pregnancy. With other side effects as well, the correct diet and lifestyle is very important to combat it.
- Reduce the intake of sugar and increase the proteins in your diet along with green vegetables. In terms of quantity, have a bigger breakfast and a smaller dinner.
- Exercise regularly to prevent further symptoms of PCOS. Some studies have also suggested that an active lifestyle can improve around 50% of problems relating to menstrual cycles in women with PCOS. You should continue these exercises in pregnancy too under the supervision of a prenatal exercise trainer so that your routines are not disrupted.
- Sedentary lifestyle due to long work hours or due to other reasons has dramatically increased PCOS in women. Even if you do not suffer from the most obvious symptoms or recognise the irregularities, it is known that most women realise they have polycystic ovaries in their 20s. It is important for women, planning to get pregnant or not, to maintain a better and more fit lifestyle.
Outside of these simpler methods of getting pregnant with PCOS, there other medical procedures to increase fertility and facilitate ovulation like Metformin Treatment, Clomid Treatment, Letrozole Treatment and injections of Gonadotropins. Another widely known way to help in pregnancy is In-Vitro Fertilisation (IVF). While the option to get an egg from a donor is also available for women who are not conceiving, it is rarely needed or used in cases for PCOS. Any surgical treatments are not recommended for Polycystic Ovary Syndrome as they lower the ovarian reserves. Make sure to thoroughly understand any treatment you plan on getting.
Without any further fertility issues, pregnancy with PCOS is not that difficult or uncommon. If you have this syndrome, your hope to become a mother is not lost. It might be more difficult than a regular pregnancy, but it is certainly not impossible in most cases. Take care of yourself first to be able to take care of a baby in the future.
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